Kalimantan conjures up the image of a land that is mysterious and exotic, with primeval, remote jungles and exotic tribes still living in primitive conditions deep in the interiors. Occupying 73% of the island of Borneo this is one of the least visited provinces in Indonesia. Dominated by jungles, mountains and raging rivers, Kalimantan offers to visitors a rare insight into a unique culture –from the traditional villages of the Dayak tribe to the floating markets of Banjarmasin, cruise along the Mahakam River to trekking in the Kayan Mentarang National Park and the rich flora and fauna that include proboscis monkeys, orangutans and rare birds.
Kalimantan has four provinces namely, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan and East Kalimantan. The island was originally inhabited by the Dayak, also known as Orang Gunung (Mountain People), who traditionally live in longhouses called Lamin or Umaq Daru. Today the island is home to 10 million inhabitants including Chinese and Javanese ethnic groups.
Wet weather, with an eight-month rainy season and four months of dry season. Rainfall is between 2,776mm to 3,393mm per year with an average of 145 rainy days annually.
Note: Mosquitoes can be abundant during wet season so bring mosquito repellent and take precautions against malaria.
The province is bordered by West and East Kalimantan provinces to the North, by the Java Sea to the South, by South and East Kalimantan provinces to the East, and by West Kalimantan province to West.
Tropical forests are the home of the greatest biological diversity on the planet, supporting well over half the globe’s species of plants and animals on only a little over five percent of the total land area.
Borneo’s Tropical rainforest is known as a botanical garden on a grand scale – with a collection of some of the rarest, most exotic and most prolific plants on earth!
Borneo is estimated to be home to around 222 mammals (including 44 endemic – meaning they are not found anywhere else in the world), 420 birds (37 endemic), 100 amphibians and 394 fish (19 endemic). Borneo and Sumatra are the only places on Earth where tigers, rhinos, orangutans, and elephants live together. The forests are home to marvelous creatures like the proboscis monkey, sun bear, clouded leopard, and flying fox bat, and endangered animals like the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran rhino, and pygmy elephant.
At least 15,000 plants, of which 6,000 are found nowhere else in the world, can be found in the swamps, mangroves, and lowland and montane forests of the island. The Heart of Borneo is home to around 10,000 of these.
Since that time, scientists have busied themselves discovering and naming new species. The latest research suggests that they will continue doing so for decades to come.
The Dayak or Dyak or Dayuhare are the native people of Borneo. It is a loose term for over 200 riverine and hill-dwelling ethnic subgroups, located principally in the interior of Borneo, each with its own dialect, customs, laws, territory and culture, although common distinguishing traits are readily identifiable. Dayak languages are categorized as part of the Austronesian languages in Asia. The Dayak were animist in belief; however many converted to Christianity, and some to Moslem more recently. Estimates for the Dayak population range from 18 to 20 million. Kalimantan sees only a tiny number of foreign visitors, and most locals will be genuinely curious about you, watching your every move and expression.
Borneo is blessed with a rich variety of traditional food created by its many tribes and indigenous groups. They are able to turn wild plants, herbs and fruits into culinary masterpieces that will tantalize your senses. In addition, its sweeping coastlines and many large rivers provide an abundance of seafood and freshwater fish for the dinner table. Rice is a staple but in the far north, corn and tapioca are popular.
The local currency in Indonesia is the Indonesia Rupiah (IDR). USD 1 is around IDR 12,500-13,500. Major credit cards are widely accepted, and traveler’s cheques and foreign currency are accepted at most of the larger hotels and authorized moneychangers. There are local banks as well as ATM machines in all main towns
Distances on Kalimantan are long and public transport is spotty and expensive. The easiest option may well be to book an arranged tour.
Longboat and River ferries are mainly used in Kalimantan as transportation where the rivers are the roads. Longboat which also called as Klotok is a long, narrow boat powered by a couple of outboard motors, with bench seats on either side of the hull for passengers to sit on. While ferries are larger vessels that carry more passengers and cargo.
There are several international airports in Kalimantan, with connections to and from Singapore and Malaysia. In addition, there is a wide array of flight connections to and from other Indonesian islands, mainly Java.
Below are our preferred tour packages which our consultants prepared carefully and handpicked each of the destinations to make unforgettable moments when you travel to Kalimantan.